Some viewpoints from an anthroposophical
In anthroposophical medicine one among other things
uses warmth-processes and rhythmic processes to produce medicines from
different substances. The warmth-processes are described more closely elsewhere
in this issue (of Nord J Anthr Med). I will therefore concentrate this
description on the rhythmic processes, and especially the potentizing process.
is a process where you in a stepwise, rhythmical way dilute and homogenize
a substance in a medium that is chemically neutral to the substance.
THE MEDICAL SUBSTANCE
The substances used as starting points to produce
medicines most often come from one of the natural kingdoms. They can have
the form of a soluble or insoluble mineral or be some form of liquid extract
from a whole or part of a plant. They can also come from the animal kingdom
and have the form of an extract of a whole organ from mostly some form
of mammal or have the form of a whole animal extract from for example an
homeopathy one also, in contradistinction to anthroposophical medicine,
uses pathological substances of human origin as starting points for the
production of medicines (nosodes).
anthroposophical medicine one hence, except in the cases of inorganic compounds
like minerals and salts, consciously uses complexes of substances, that
as closely as possible attach to and represent organic wholes in nature.
The medium used to disperse the substance most
often, when it is fluid, has the form of water or a mixture of water and
ethanol. When potentizing insoluble substances one at least during the
first steps uses lactose as medium. The ethanol is only used when it is
necessary to dissolve a substance or to prevent decomposition of an extract.
one for different reasons changes from one type of medium to the other
during the production of medicines. The reason can be that one wants to
facilitate the continued potentizing of a substance (change from lactose
to water) or that one specifically wants to use lactose as carrier of the
healing effect (change from water or water/ethanol to lactose).
THE POTENTIZING PROCESS
- THREE PHASES
1/ The spreading out and diluting of substance
In anthroposophical medicine one usually uses
steps of 1:10 for the spreading out of substance in a medium, both when
dealing with liquids and solid, insoluble substances, that are potentized
through grinding in a mortar.
2/ Rhythmic dispersion and homogenization of
The homogenization that, when liquids are concerned,
involves some form of shaking, takes place during a period of 4 minutes
for mineral substances and 2,5 minutes for plant substances and animal
substances. The homogenization of solid substances through grinding takes
about one hour in every step.
After the homogenization, the solution/mixture
is left resting for some time.
solution/mixture attained after one such potency-step is termed D1 (Deka=10)
and is used as a starting point for a next potentizing step that is performed
in exactly the same way as the first step. The new solution/mixture thereby
attained contains 1 % of the original solution/substance and is termed
process in three phases with a dissolving - spreading out of substance,
rhythmic dispersion - homogenization and rest in every step can in principle
be continued indefinitely. In anthroposophic medicine one however for different
reasons only (mostly) uses potencies up to D30.
(click on the picture to get a somewhat bigger
From a natural-scientific point of view it is
easy to view the "potentizing" as an absurd process, as long as one has
not dug into the problem of what it really means. How could a substance,
that in a high potency hardly, if at all, remains in the medium in a material
form have a healing effect?
if you instead approach the problem from a research point of view, you
discover that it opens up possible new perspectives on a number of basic
scientific issues. They concern the question of the nature of matter, the
relation of matter to space and time, the question what constitutes a living
organism and how substance-processes take place within and outside the
plant organism, the animal and in humans.
reasonably adequate treatment of the problem would probably be very difficult
to give and motivate within the limits of an article. The following conjectural
description may therefore on different points upset the feelings of a number,
in one or another way scientifically thinking people. It may also on some
points turn out to be an incomplete and maybe also incorrect description
of the problem. But it seems to the author to be an at most points defendable
description of the problem.
could a sketch to an as rational as possible description of the potentizing
problem and how it is related to illness- and healing processes in man
look from an anthroposophical perspective?
MAN - AN ANTHROPOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVE
If you take his relation to the natural kingdoms
as a starting point, you can discern four different layers of reality in
man. They are a more spatial-material, a more vegetative-living, a more
"psychic" (seelische) and a more or less obvious and "visible" "I-level".
In anthroposophy, they are (approximately) described with the concepts
of "physical body", "ether body", "astral body" and "Ego-organisation".
body" can in a certain respect be said to be a summarizing term for everything
that exists as solid structures in man´s body, everything that has
its primary extension in space.
ether body", the life body as such, is a supersensible, super-spatial element
in man, that primarily lives and acts in time, but also works into the
dynamic of the life processes in the physical body via that which is streaming
fluid in man. Spiritual science describes the activity of the ether body
as primarily biologically edifying.
"astral body", her soul-"body", has its roots also outside time. The astral
body works into man´s physical body directly only via that which
is gas-like in the body, as an inner regularity of the gas exchange in
man. Biologically the results of its activity are primarily disintegrating.
"I" finally, man works directly only into that which you can observe as
warmth-differentiations in the body. It is only via the warmth-structure,
the warmth-organism that thereby arises, that s/he as "I" works and acts
regulating into all processes in the human body and makes it into an expression
of him/her-self (Steiner/ 1927/1965).
From "bodies"/"structures" on "super"-spatial
levels in man, there streams activity in the direction of and permeating
the physical body.
streams in that which is fluid in man, the "ether body" works directly
into the physical body and the way it develops and is formed. Via the gas
exchange, the "astral body" also permeates the movable fluid-element and
thereby also almost totally the physical body. Via warmth-differentiations,
the "I" works regulating into and permeates both the gas exchange and the
streaming fluid in man.
there also streams something in the opposite direction. It is the stream
of substance out of which man builds up the substantiality of the supersensible
parts of his being. That takes place through life, among other things through
a transformation of the substance she takes up as nourishment.
first step in this transformation has the form of a breaking down of the
nourishment into more simple substances, by neutralizing its nature-character.
The second step involves a transformation of this substance in three further
steps into "etheric substance", "astral substance" and "I-substance".
process, which is as most intensive during the embryological development,
is also that which is the base for the generation and differentiation of
the more or less living, permanent structures of the physical body; the
muscles, the inner organs and the skeleton (Steiner/Wegman 1925/1978).
(click on the picture to get a bigger one)
SOME ASPECTS OF ILLNESS
In the healthy human, the I permeates and "cooperates"
in a living, dynamic way with the soulbody, the life-body and the physical
body, in one way when you are awake, in a somewhat different way during
a human that is ill, the interplay is disturbed in different ways. That
doesn't necessarily mean that the disturbance immediately becomes visible
in the physical body. The disturbance can have the form of psychic stress
and "overburden" the astral body or have the form of biological rhythm-stress
(an irregular life) and overburden the ether body. Only later they may
take the form of more serious disturbances also of the physical body.
may also more primarily come to man via external damages to the physical
body or in a longer perspective have their roots in more or less consciously
made moral decisions made by man out of his I.
of origin, they sooner or later lead to a disturbance in the interplay
between the "structures" on the different levels in man. One of these disturbances
can have the form of a too strong or too weak disintegrating action of
the astral body in relation to the ether body.
action of potentized substances can primarily be made understandable against
the background of this disturbance in the interplay between the ether body
and the astral body.
WHY SUBSTANCES FROM NATURE?
But why specifically use "natural substances"
as starting points for the potentizing process?
describes the development of life in the universe, in our solar system
and on earth as a bi-symmetric process. Simultaneously with the generation
and development of man, you find the generation and development of the
world around man. This takes place in such a way that man comes to form
a complete mirror-world to the world around her. In man´s bodily
surface, her skin, the world looks at itself like in a mirror. To every
smallest process in man there exists somewhere in the world that surrounds
her a "mirror-process".
this world that surrounds man, from the mineral world, the world of plants
and animals, she once more can find the roots to the more basic pictures,
the "Ur-pictures" that lie at the base of the generation of her body. Out
of the world that surrounds her, she also once more can draw impulses for
a renewed generation of herself as a human being.
potentizing of a substance taken from one of these natural kingdoms "fetches"
and liberates the "Ur-picture" out of the substance in a way that directs
its "action" primarily in the direction of man´s ether body, with
a more secondary "action" on the other of her supersensible "structures".
purpose of the potentized substance is to show the ether body the prototype,
the pattern, of how to perform a process, that for one reason or other
has become disturbed. The "action" of potentized medicines is more of a
"teaching" character than directly "causal". In this perspective the healing
process in a more true sense appears as a teaching process (Hensel 1977).
THE POTENTIZING PROCESS
- IMITATED "ETHERISATION"
Technically, the potentizing, as far as it has
hitherto been developed, can be described and understood as a grabbling,
elementary attempt to imitate parts of the above mentioned transformation
of substances that normally take place in every living organism. Göbel
(1975) in another place in this issue characterizes it in relation to the
way the plant builds up its body through processes that he for different
reasons describes with the terms "Sal", Mercury" and "Sulphur".
Phase one: solving-dissolving-spreading out
In man, this transformation, as mentioned above,
takes place through a breaking down of the food, at first by chewing and
adapting it to the body temperature in the mouth and by dissolving and
analyzing it with the help of first the salivary, then the gastric, pancreatic,
liver- and small intestinal secretions.
you prepare an organism or a substance for potentizing, you break down
its nature-form through plucking/killing, maybe grinding and/or making
a liquid extract of the organism from which you want to make a medicine.
both cases, the process neutralizes the nature-form of the substance and
"takes it down to earth", in man also spatially by carrying it down into
man, the substance is then taken into and "spread out" in her blood. When
you potentize, you spread it out, either in a fluid or in lactose.
greater part of this process, the neutralization, in the case of man, takes
place outside the epithelium of the body and constitutes a separate phase
that Göbel terms "homeopathisation" when the analogue of it takes
place in plants (1975). In the case of plants, this process brings the
mineral substance that constitutes their nourishment from a "Sal"-state
to a "Mercury"-state.
first part of the "potentizing process as such" however, in man starts
first with the uptake of the completely neutralized substance through the
epithelium into the organism and spreading it out in the blood.
Phase two: rhythmic turning inside out of the
The second phase of the potentizing process can
give you the feeling of rhythmically turning the substance inside out,
an "Ein- und Ausstülpung" of the substance. In the case of fluids
it can have one of three basic forms.
bottle used for the potentizing can be moved hin and forth with the bottle
in a horizontal position. The bottle can also be hit with its bottom against
a horizontal support. Or it can be moved from a position by the hip almost
vertically upwards with a strong stroke of the base of the thumb against
the bottle at the beginning of the movement upwards. The movement then
creates a strong whirl in the bottle around a vertical axes.
movements, that can be termed "oscillating" (pulsating), "succussive" and
"whirling" respectively, are in each case repeated for a certain time or
a certain number of times. Also other variants are possible. One variant
of the percussion towards a support is a shaking of the bottle up and down
without hitting it against a support.
Turbula (a special mixing machine based on the studies by Schatz
(1975) of one way of turning a cube inside out) has also (in one study;
Bockemühl (1968)) been used for potentizing.
second phase of the potentizing process can mainly be understood as a simplified
imitation of the movement of the blood through the heart and lungs in man
and stands out as the heartpoint of the process.
first sight the oscillating form of potentizing can seem to imitate this
process most closely.
Phase three: Rest
The third and last main phase of the potentizing
process is letting the potentized substance come to a rest. This phase
has its model, its "Ur-picture" in the streaming of blood through man´s
(click on the picture to get a somewhat bigger
MATTER, WATER AND LIGHT
The foregoing has been a sketch of a possible
description of the potentizing problem from an anthroposophical-functionalistic
perspective. How could it be possible to approach and describe the potentizing
problem from a more physicalistic perspective?
one way could be the following.
you potentize a substance, you carry the substance into and make it unite
with a fluid element. This process in some respects displays similar, in
some contrary characteristics to what happens when substances, or objects
are "carried close to", made to move almost as fast as and almost "become"
Space - analogue but orthogonal generation
of a surface
When objects approach the velocity of light,
their extension along their direction of movement decreases. They are "flattened"
and increasingly turned into a surface, orthogonal to their direction of
analogue "becoming surface" of substance also occurs through the potentizing
process, but here it occurs because of the tendency of the fluid to generate
a great number of inner surfaces because of the enforced movement of the
fluid along the curved inner wall of the bottle. Here the substance moves
along the surface instead of orthogonal to it.
Mass - contrary processes
When objects approach the velocity of light,
their mass increases ever more and would become infinitely great if they
would succeed in attaining the velocity of light.
you potentize a substance, a contrary process occurs. When you bring a
substance stepwise into and make it unite with the fluid element in a proper
way, you also stepwise "eliminate" its mass correspondingly, to in the
end make it approach zero.
is the character of the process, even if it is, of course, a very incomplete
description from a physical point of view.)
Time - contrary processes?
You also find a similar contrast viewed from
the perspective of time.
objects that approach the velocity of light, time runs increasingly slower
in relation to more "resting" objects, to stop "running" completely if
the objects could reach the limit velocity of light. "The clock stops"
in relation to a "resting" observer. Time completely "becomes" space.
the potentizing process, substance is carried increasingly over into a
state of pure "time" via surfaces in a fluid element. Here you instead
eliminate the space of the substance that instead "becomes" time.
Time-space - different processes
Both of these processes can be described as changes
of space-coordinates in a fourdimensional space-time. For the potentizing
process a similar process in a threedimensional space would be the rotation
of a plane (substance) from a position almost parallel to two of the coordinates
(space-) to a position orthogonal to one of them and parallel to the third
RADIOACTIVE DECAY - A death process
It is also possible to understand the process
as an, in certain respects, contrary process to the radioactive decay of
the potentizing process "de-spaces" substances and carries them from space
over into time, into a state of pure life, the radioactive decay of matter
implies a "de-timing" of substance, a death process of matter that instead
completely carries it out of time over into space, thereby necessarily
leading to an "atomizing" of the substance.
processes of living organisms, found in its most pure form in the plant
kingdom, are characterized by a regular change over time (primarily of
the "gestalt" of the organism) for causes arising out of the organism itself.
the inorganic world, the radioactive decay of matter stands out as a unique
example of a counter-picture to this type of process. It is there the only
type of process that, like the life processes, is characterized by a change
over time, in a regular way, caused from within, but now of the substance
as such. But while this type of regular process over time in living organisms
leads to a "vitalizing" of substance, the "same" type of process in the
inorganic field leads to a "death" of substance.
life processes bring substances completely into time, "makes" them into
"time". The radioactive decay, where substances completely become space,
implicates a corresponding death process of the earth as a whole.
the relation between the life-processes in living organisms and death-processes
of matter, so far only one side has been studied; how radioactive decay
or fission with the resulting radiation disturbs, damages and kills living
organisms. The possible counter-process; how living organisms overcome
and neutralize the spontaneous decay of matter, still remains almost completely
experimental basis for an understanding of how the potentizing process
"times" substances and how the interaction takes place between the "timed"
substance and the time-body of man and other living organisms also still
remains on a very elementary stage.
this more physicalistic perspective, the qualities of the potentizing process;
when substances unite with a fluid element, appear as mirrorlike on the
one hand in relation to what happens when substances become "lightlike"
in one sense, out of which one of the pillars of modern physics; the theory
of relativity was developed.
the other hand the process appears in important respects as a mirror to
what happens when substance falls out of the living and is left to its
own, as pure matter, the phenomenon out of which the second pillar of modern
physics; the quantum theory, was developed.
the two appear the phenomena of potentizing, for which a more comprehensive
theory still remains to be developed.
(click on the picture to get a somewhat bigger
EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL RESEARCH
For about one hundred years, a certain amount
of experimental and theoretical research around the problem has been done
in different places, mostly in Europe, but for a number of years now also
in the USA. Around 1980 you could find in the magnitude of 150 experimental
and 50 theoretical works, more or less directly related to the problem.
The majority however had and still have the character of pilot studies,
with the purpose of finding starting points for further studies.
far, they have not been overwhelmingly successful, in spite of the fact
that one has found clear experimental support for the effect as such. This
can probably be ascribed to the lack of a theoretical understanding of
the problem. After some earlier attempts (Itschner et al 1971, Schwenk
1954/1972), such an understanding, among other based on the works of Steiner,
has also however slowly been developed during the last years, among other
things through the cooperation of anthroposophically working pharmaceutists,
that have resulted in four works (Der Homöopatiseringsbegriff bei
Rudolf Steiner 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978). The viewpoints above draw part
of their inspiration from those works.
ten overviews of the research in the field had been published up to 1980
(among other Siewecke 1941, Stephenson 1955, 1964, Netien and Girardet
1963, Plazy 1967, Wurmser 1970, Flemming 1971, Lamasson 1971, Pedersen
1972, Unseld 1973, Zwiauer 1976). Later, Scofield (1984) and Righetti (1988,
2nd ed 1992) among others have published renewed reviews (Righetti the
most thorough so far) of the field.
1992 Stephan Baumgartner and Barbara Ziegler put together an extensive
documentation on behalf of a working group in anthroposophical medicine
with participants from Wala, Weleda, Hiscia, the Medical and Natural scientific
Section of the Goetheanum and others. They mention also Aubin 1984, Aulas
et al 1985, Bastide 1989, Bayr 1982, Belon 1985, Boiron 1980 and 1986,
Boiron et al 1983 and 1986, Busser 1982, Callinan et al 1987, Coulter 1982,
Demarque 1981, Endler 1990, Flemming 1979, Gebhart 1985, Gosau 1990, Guillemain
1987, Harisch et Kretschmer 1990, Hoffmann 1987, Joly 1982, Khurana et
al 1981, King 1988, Kollerstrom 1989, Kowalski 1989, Linde 1991, Majerus
1990, Moser 1990, Pirtkien 1976, Poitevin 1987 and 1988, Popp 1986, Resch
et al 1986, Roth 1991, Rubik 1989, Sankaran 1978, Saur 1990, Schmidt et
al 1992, Schöler 1948 and 1950, Scholz 1956, Schwab 1990, Sing et
al 1985, Sportouch 1986, Ullmann 1988, Wagner et al 1989 and 1991, Walach
1986, Weingärtner (ed) 1984 and Wurmser 1986.
research done has in a great number of cases been able to show that different
forms of potentizing of substances makes them influence organic and inorganic
process in a way that goes far beyond what you would expect purely from
the concentration of substance in the medium.
PLANTS, SMALLER ANIMALS AND THE MEDIUM
The most clear and common trait of the different
investigations done is that they show that the potentizing of substances
changes the normally continuously decreasing effect of substances with
decreasing concentration to a rhythmically varying effect, that after D6
oscillates around a zero-effect up to at least D60 (Kolisko 1961). The
curve at times can remind you of a dampened oscillation.
main part of the German and Austrian studies tend to concern plants and
studies of electric parameters. In France, studies of animals and light-parameters
dominate. Investigators in England also like plants. From USA come NMR-studies.
main part of all investigations on biological material have been studies
on the stimulation and repression of potentized substances on different
processes. The processes studied have been the growth and assimilation
of germinating seeds and plants (Pelikan 1926, Kolisko 1961, Pelikan and
Unger 1965 among many others). To the exceptions belong a comprehensive
study by Boyd (1954) on the effect of different potentized substances on
the hydrolysis of starch by amylase.
studies have been concerned with the toxification and detoxification of
plants (for example Flemming 1974). Studies on smaller animals (fish, frogs,
rodents and pigeons) have been concerned with their life duration (Kolisko
1961), behavior (Heintz 1964) and the storing and excretion of different
substances (Cier et al 1967, among others), but also the effect on isolated
organs like the skin, the mucous membrane of the nose and on the heart
(Heintz 1963 and others).
Studies on the medium as such
(in which a substance has been potentized) of among other things absorptions
spectra (Heintz 1941), emission spectra (;Raman Laser) (Bardet et al 1975)
and of the nuclear spin resonance (NMR) of the OH-group in the liquid (Smith
and Boericke 1966, 1968, Young 1975) show that you find a similar type
of rhythmically varying effect at least up to D30, like in the biological
general, they support the thought that the effect of potentized substances
partly could be related to the presence of such structures in the liquid
(water-polymers), that Smith and Boericke (1966, 1968), Barnard and Stephenson
(1967, 1969), Unger (1971) and others have put forward as an "explanatory
the other hand you can have the presentiment that the problem is far more
complicated than that.
can for example come to the following picture.
anthroposophical medicine one normally only uses potencies from D1 to D30.
When you potentize, you take one part of the mother tincture or a previous
potency, expand it, and lift it up to a "higher" stage. This leads you
to a picture of the row of the potencies as something that looks like 30
"balloons" blown up and out of each other and standing on top of one another.
the naive eye this picture has the same character as the vertebral column
of man. Like the vertebral column the 30 potencies constitutes a unity,
a form of "organism" created through the potentizing process. If the row
of potencies developed out of one another in this way really constitutes
an "organism", it would implicate as a possibility that, what you do to
one part (one potency) of it influences the whole "organism" of 30 potencies.
And like an organism it can be killed by letting too much of it be killed
and "consumed" by other organisms.
is one picture you can come to that has empirical implications that can
be tested experimentally.
pictures can and have been developed that relate more to the picture of
potentizing as an imitated heart-lung-process. Hopefully it will be possible
to go further into the problem in another article.
will here finally only point to some of the basic problems concerning the
potentizing process as such, of which already Basold in 1968 pointed to
some, but not formulated explicitly in that context.
SUBSTANCE AND SPACE
Through the potentizing process substances are
diluted, dispersed and rhythmizised in a solid or fluid medium, in a way
that neutralizes their spatial characteristics and gives them an effect
that primarily concerns the time-structure, "the biological clock"; the
"ether body" of living organisms.
process actualizes basic problems concerning the relation between matter,
space and time and the optimal conditions for carrying substances "out
of" space and "into" time, using fluid processes primarily in liquids but
also in "fluid" solid substances.
at potentizing in a liquid in a bottle, you find the following spatial
aspects of the problem (the "statics" of the potentizing process).
1. Does there exist an optimal relation between
the amount of substance and the amount of medium that gives an optimal
potentizing of the substance?
Investigations by among other Pelikan (1971)
give one aspect of the answer. They show that the relation of 1:10 between
the amount of substance and medium gives a greater amplitude in the stimulation
and repression of growth of wheat seedling than the relations 1:5, 1:7,
1:30 and 1:100. The investigation, using Pb(NO3)2, leaves open the answer
to among other the general question if organic substances have another
later, unpublished study by one researcher elucidates some further aspects
of this question. It points to the possible importance, not only of the
relation between substance and medium, but also of the absolute amount
of substance potentized in each step in relation to amount of substance
used as the starting substance.
2. Does there exist an optimal relation between
the amount of medium and amount of air in the bottle?
Research around the problem is almost completely
missing, but in practice one normally uses the relation of 2:1 (liquid:air)
with "oscillating" potentizing, while the reversed relation is used with
"whirling" potentizing. According to Osika (1978), a relation of 1:6 gives
an optimal potentizing with the "succussive" potentizing.
3. Does there exist an optimal size of the
bottle in which the potentizing takes place (possibly in relation the size
of man resp. the earth)?
In practice, potentizing in liquids is being
performed in bottles with sizes varying from 10 ml up to 25 l, amounting
to a difference in size corresponding to a factor of 2 500. Does potentizing
in small bottles differ from potentizing in greater bottles, and if, how?
4. The research results under point 1 were
achieved using "oscillating" potentizing in a horizontal bottle. Are the
optimal relations different for the other forms of potentizing, "succussive"
and "whirling", as the answer under point 2 may implicate?
SUBSTANCES AND TIME
In relation to time, you find the following problems
(the "dynamics" of the potentizing process).
1. What is the proper; optimal rhythm for the
movement of the liquid through the bottle for the different forms of potentizing?
The practice, using "oscillating" potentizing,
takes aim at the special "ring" that arises when the liquid pulsates back
and forth with the "right" rhythm (Wiedersheim-Paul 1978).
2. For how long should the bottle be moved
for every potency?
Steiner suggested the time that gives optimal
homogenity of the substance in the solution, as it can be found using a
simple form of "Steigbildchromatography". Studies by Kolisko (1961) show
that the rise of substance in chromatography paper, as well as the distribution
of the band varies rhythmically with the time used for potentizing, in
a way that differed for plant- and animal substances. On the bases of these
studies, she suggested a potentizing time of 2 - 2,5 minutes for plant
substances and 4 minutes for mineral substances.
3. How long should you let the potentized substance
rest between the sequential potencies and is there an optimal, fixed resting
Out of this question arise the questions if the
optimal resting time varies with potency and also if it it possible to
arbitrarily put in pauses of hours, days and weeks and still retain the
potentizing effect, when you continue potentizing. In practice, every potency
is put to rest, some minutes for smaller bottles, up to 15 minutes for
bigger bottles, before a next potentizing step is performed.
4. What is the optimal time for potentizing?
Studies show that a disturbance of the potentizing
effect takes place around midday (Heintz 1971). A similar disturbing effect
possibly also takes place around midnight. Against the background of these
studies and points of view by Steiner (among other 1917/1966) potentizing
is not performed during these times of the day, but mainly in the morning
and in the afternoon.
studies (by among other Kolisko 1952 and Fyfe 1967, 1978) indicate that
different metals display somewhat different qualities during times that
coincide with strong constellations of those planets that since pre-Greek
time have been seen in relation to the metals in question (silver for the
moon, mercury for Mercury, copper for Venus, iron for Mars, tin for Jupiter
and lead for Saturn). Against the background of these studies one therefore
also avoids potentizing these metals during these times (days).
The potentizing process opens up perspectives
on problems concerning the nature, not only of matter, but also the structure
of the actual, with matter "filled" space and the structure of the actual,
not only in abstract considered time.
problem touches on the question of the actual structure of the earth as
a whole, and how processes differ, depending upon where they take place
on earth (What role does the character of the surrounding nature play,
the nature of the soil and rock under your feet and where you are on the
earth, looked upon from the perspective of its crystallitic; tetrahedric
(Schmutz 1986) and dodecahedric/icosahedric structure (See for example
problem also touches on the question of the actual structure of time and
how processes (both organic and some inorganic) vary, depending upon "where"
they take place or are performed in time, as you can follow it via the
movements of for example the planets.
possible understanding of the radioactive decay of matter as a mirror-process
to the potentizing process, finally, touches, in the end, on the question
of the regularity in the death process of the earth, that it implies, and
that also Steiner pointed to.
the decay of certain heavy basic element is an expression of an organic
death process of the earth, it implies (Steiner said it expressedly) both
that the decay earlier in the history of the earth was not as comprehensive
as today, as also that it maybe in general is increasing.
relation thereby points towards future investigations into the possible
regularity, not only of the "nature-processes" as such, but also of the
regularity of the change of the "laws of nature" themselves, a natural
science of a second order.
(Update August 2010:
the last years indicate that the supposed stable rate of decay of
radioactive elements actually is not as stable as earlier thought, but
- on closer look - turns out to display variations related to the
seasons, and also the rate of rotation of the core of the sun. It
scratches on the deeper problem and perspective, indicated above.
Stanford Report, August 23, 2010
A popular report of the findings is published by Discovery News Aug 25, 2010)
The article was first published
in The Nordic Journal for Anthroposophic Medicine nr 2/3, 1981
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